Abstract: According to Descartes, the standard of truth lies in that kind of perception which has the characteristic of clearness and distinctness. However, there is a limit to what a subject can consciously fathom at any given moment, which renders that any complex mathematical reasoning cannot be dealt with in only one Cogito. This fact demands that the recollection of the middle conclusion must be true, which is confirmed by God's benevolence in Descartes'opinion. Accordingly, Descartes concludes that mathematics and belief in God must go hand in hand. However, the paper argue that, while theism adds a layer of psychological reassurance, the mind-independent reality of God would ensure the preservation of past demonstrations for atheists as well.
Abstract: Since Kant, German classical philosophy has been trying to transcend the inevitable dualism of modern philosophy in order to reach the unity of entity and subject, man and nature, subject and object. In Hegel's speculative philosophy, the dualistic separation pattern under the control of absolute spirit has achieved unity by saying goodbye to division. But Marx was not satisfied with Hegel's unity only in the field of speculation, that is, in the field of thought, in the form of the externalization of absolute spirit. In Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts in 1844, Marx deeply criticized Hegel's attempt to transcend the external unity of man and nature realized in the place of knowledge theory, and on this basis, established the essential unity of the perceptual objectification relationship between the subject and the object connected by labor practice. Marx's perceptual objectiveness makes us see that the essence of the existence of man and nature is the theoretical dimension of the existence of objectiveness, which lays a theoretical foundation for how to deal with the relationship between man and nature in the current era.
Abstract: On the basis of measuring the scale of carbon emissions embodied in trade of 62 countries (regions), we established networks of carbon emissions embodied in trade by using social network analysis method, examined patterns of the networks from 2005 to 2015, and analyzed the determinants the networks by using QAP method. We found that, first of all, from the perspective of network characteristics, the global distribution of carbon emissions embodied in trade among countries (regions) has a long tail feature, and the networks have scale-free and small-world properties. Second, emerging economies such as China and India became increasingly network-centric, while developed economies were demoted. Thirdly, the main determinants of the network relationships are trade scale and energy structure differences. The spatial proximity among countries and the ability of logistics clearance have a certain impact on embodied carbon emissions. The results show that China is under great pressure to control the scale of embodied carbon emissions in trade. China should attach great importance to carbon emissions transfer in UN climate negotiations, pay attention to the transformation and upgrading of processing trade, accelerate the efforts of low-carbon transformation, and improve the efficiency of energy utilization.
Abstract: The development of agricultural enterprises is an important pillar to achieve the strategic goal of Rural Revitalization. It has become the driving force of rural industry development, and has gradually become a hot issue in academic research in recent years. This paper uses econometric method and CiteSpace software to visually analyze 214 documents about agricultural enterprises in CSSCI database, to show the development context and future trend of agricultural enterprise research. It is found that there are more scholars in the field of economic management in the research of agricultural enterprises. They focused on the management performance of agricultural enterprises, explored the impact of internal and external factors of enterprises on the performance. However, there are few studies from sociology, political science and other disciplines. In addition, it lacks the research on the differentiation of agricultural enterprise types. Therefore, it will be the future direction of the subdivided agricultural enterprises research and crossover study.
Abstract: The tax reduction and fee reduction policy is an important measure launched by the State Council to reduce the burden on enterprises and enhance market vitality. It includes three types of general tax reduction, structural tax reduction and periodic tax reduction during the epidemic in 2020. Whether the implementation of tax reduction policies has brought real policy dividends to enterprises is a matter of greater concern at the level of policy formulation and academia. Xinyang, located in the Dabie Mountains, is one of the major green tea production areas in my country. The tea industry is a unique industry in Xinyang. This article uses a combination of sample analysis and questionnaire survey to study the tea industry. Overall, the tax reduction and fee reduction policy has a significant effect on the large-scale enterprises in the tea industry. However, the policy of small-scale enterprises has a weak sense of acquisition, and the next step is to improve the policy and introduce more industry-specific preferential policies.
Abstract: To explore the influence of servant leadership on the turnover intention of knowledge workers, servant leadership scale, psychological security scale and turnover intention scale were used in this research among 320 knowledge workers, and 283 effective scales were collected. The results show that servant leadership has a significant negative influence on the turnover intention of knowledge workers, and psychological security plays a meditation role in the relationship between servant leadership and turnover intention. This conclusion has some revelation about management of knowledge workers; we can cultivate the service consciousness of leaders or improve the psychological security of knowledge workers to reduce the turnover intention.
Abstract: The study aims to explore the relationship among career adaptability, affective commitment and work engagement of kindergarten teachers. A total of 1291 kindergarten teachers were investigated by career adaptability scale, affective commitment scale and kindergarten teachers' work engagement questionnaire. The survey finds out that kindergarten teachers' work involvement (3.74±0.79) and career adaptability (3.75±0.77) are both higher than the theoretical average of 3, and their affective commitment (5.20±1.17) is higher than the theoretical average of 4. What's more, kindergarten teachers' career adaptability has a significant positive predictive effect on affective commitment and work engagement; kindergarten teachers' affective commitment has a significant positive predictive effect on work engagement, and affective commitment has a partial mediating effect on the relationship between career adaptability and work engagement.
Abstract: Yan Emperor and Huang Emperor and Chi You were contemporaneous heroes. Chi You (originally called the Jiu Li tribe) was an indigenous tribe in the Neolithic era in the area of Central Plain in ancient times. When Huang Emperor's army entered Central Plain, Chi You who led his clan formed an alliance with Yan Emperor against the Huang Emperor. Finally Chi You was defeated and was killed by Huang Emperor. A branch of the Chi You tribe migrated to the south of the Yangtze River, finally merged with the indigenous people of the San Miao tribe and formed the Miao tribe of Hu Lan and Hu Bai, and Chi You became the ancestor of the later Miao tribe. As an ancient tribal hero and God of war, Chi You eventually evolved into the image of a rebel who did not obey the law of nature, violated humanity and was cruel and merciless in the process of establishing Huang Emperor's authority as the common ancestor of the Chinese culture from the Spring and Autumn Period to the Qin and Han dynasties.
Abstract: Generally speaking, the records of Yan Emperor and Shen Nong in ancient books have obvious stage characteristics, which can be divided into several stages:before the Warring States, Yan Emperor and Shen Nong were two different independents. The concept has strict boundaries, and the classics separately record the two; from the Warring States period, there are two phenomena of overlapping and partial overlap in the classics; the two Hans are the key period of integration, the Western Han Dynasty is mainly divided, and the two Hans begin to reverse. In the Eastern Han Dynasty, the fusion was the mainstream; during the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties to the Sui and Tang Dynasties, the two gradually merged and eventually fixed, forming a new concept of Yan Emperor Shennong, which has been used since the Tang and Song Dynasties. The gradual establishment of the concept of Yin Emperor Shennong is compatible with the political background and historical evolution of each period. The case of the integration of the two reflects the integration of ancient historical legends and the reconstruction of ancient history in the process of national integration.
Abstract: As an intangible cultural heritage, the Cotton-Bottom Cloth Shoe carry the traditional cultural memory with endemicity, the craftsmanship of the inheritors and the hope of the local people to get rid of poverty and become better off. The creation of documentary provides a platform for the Cotton-Bottom Cloth Shoe to enter the public's field of vision, and explains the continuous development of folk skills in cultural inheritance and dissemination. Our field investigation, research and intangible cultural heritage documentary creation are based on the inheritors' memoir, pay attention to the production process and dynamic changes of the Cotton-Bottom Cloth Shoe, interpret the cultural connotation and radiation of this cultural heritage. Furthermore, we focus its survival dilemmas faced by the lifestyle and cultural change, and discuss solution from producers, designing concepts and improving people's wellbeing in the video recording, and reflect on the cultural heritage visualization.
Abstract: The lexical construction Da Lian (literally meaning face-beating) is developed from the verb-object phrase. In recent years, it has become a very popular network phrase. In terms of grammatical function, it has the dual features of verb and adjective; In terms of semantic expression, it mainly means that the previous words and deeds of the parties are denied or falsified by the later facts. Due to people's pursuit of visual rhetoric and defamiliarization rhetoric in online expressions, coupled with the mass reproduction and dissemination of netizens driven by the herd mentality, the brief but not simple Da Lian has become popular in the network rapidly.
Abstract: The metonymical meaning "civilian" of "baiyi(白衣)" may be related to ancient civilian clothing characteristics, and it also has an internal relation with the clothing color contrast between the officials and the civilians, as well as the "blank and empty" meaning of "white". In addition, the reason why the "civilian" meaning of "baiyi" can break through the barriers of Han cultural conventions and be widely used may be related to the inspiration and influence of "secular" meaning of "baiyi" in the foreign buddhist context. According to the statistics and analysis of relevant examples, we speculate that the metonymical meaning "civilian" of "baiyi" appeared in the late Han Dynasty. In the sentence "Gongsun Hong, baiyi, finally reached the official rank of San Gong by studying The Spring and Autumn Annals."(公孙弘以春秋白衣为天子三公)in Rulin Biography of Records of the Historians, it is more likely that the "baiyi" is a kind of mistake of "ziqi(自齊)" which appeared in the late Han Dynasty, Wei and Jin dynasties.
Abstract: From the macro perspective of Song poetry talks, Bai Juyi's acceptance group is large and complex, and the acceptance situation is comprehensive and detailed. The traditional ethical criticism and the social trend of the Song Dynasty to worship the virtues and sages made Bai Juyi's character win the respect of all strata. The commendation of the monarch, the praise of critics, the spread of bibliographers, the pursuit of scholars and the love and esteem of the people all create a strong atmosphere of acceptance. The acceptance of the influence of the literati group, the text acceptance of different strata, morality and literary criticism, etc. constitute a relatively complete acceptance system of Bai Juyi. The acceptance presents a distinct character of the times, stages and regions, reflects the multiple needs of the reform of social style, political enlightenment and pleasant feelings, and shows the people of the Song Dynasty's speculative spirit and rational criticism, controlling the Fahua scripture and not controlled by it, which eventually shaped the introspective personality and civilian temperament of the Song Dynasty, calling for the acceptance and re-criticism of later generations.
Abstract: Yan Zhen's novel Because as a Woman describes the harm brought to women by the commercialization of women's bodies and marriages in the era of market economy, and reveals the reasons for the tragic fate of women's personality. The gender essentialism stance of the novel has drawn criticism from feminists, which has its inevitability, but also has misunderstanding. The reality of female existence shown in the work should cause feminists to reflect on it.
Abstract: One of the most important achievements of the Seventh Congress of the Communist Party of China held in 1945 was the formal establishment of the central leadership headed by MAO Zedong, which gave the Party a strong and powerful leadership core and played an important role in the formation of the central leadership headed by MAO Zedong. To study the Seventh Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and the establishment of the central collective leadership headed by MAO Zedong is of great theoretical and practical significance to strengthen Party building, uphold the Party's overall leadership, and resolutely safeguard the authority and centralized and unified leadership of the CPC Central Committee.
Abstract: The Mass Production Movement is an important issue in the study of the history of the Communist Party of China. In the early days, the study on the Mass Production Movement in the domestic academia was mainly limited to the background, process and significance. With the passage of time and the discovery of historical materials, the study field of the Mass Production Movement in the domestic academia gradually expanded and deepened, and a number of excellent study results emerged. At present, the study of the Mass Production Movement in China mainly focuses on eight aspects:the reason, the time, the significance, the leaders and so on. Through the analysis of the current study situation of the Mass Production Movement in China, it is helpful to find out the existing problems in the current study, and then to solve the problems pertinently, so as to promote the study of the Mass Production Movement to be more comprehensive and systematic.