- 收稿日期: 2019-06-24
The Characteristics and Historical Contributions of Shangcheng Uprising
- Received Date: 2019-06-24
Abstract: Shangcheng Uprising is another important armed uprising in the early stage of the Agrarian Revolution in the Dabie Mountains after the Huangma Uprising, and is the first successful armed uprising in Henan Province after the failure of the Great Revolution. It is an important part of the three major armed uprisings of Huangma, Shangcheng and Liuhuo, which laid the revolutionary base of Hubei, Henan and Anhui provinces. It plays an important role in connecting the past with the future. The Shangcheng Uprising was also a successful example of the peasant armed uprising led by the local Party organizations in Henan and Hubei provinces in the early stage of the agrarian revolution, which was coordinated, carefully deployed and jointly participated in the leadership of the two provinces; a peasant armed uprising with the nature of military movement, a successful example of the organic combination of military movement and agricultural movement; and a successful example of applying social relations network to the revolutionary struggle and serving the general situation of the revolution. The success of the Shangcheng Uprising changed the pattern of the struggle between the enemy and ourselves in the Dabie Mountains, strengthened the revolutionary struggle in Hubei, Henan and Anhui, and made great contributions to the Chinese revolution. The uprising established the first regular Red Army unit in Henan Province, the first county-level people's regime in Henan Province, the Soviet government in Shangcheng County, and the first stable revolutionary base area in Henan Province, which effectively promoted the further development of the revolutionary struggle in the Dabie Mountains and created favorable conditions for the formation of a unified revolutionary base area in Hubei, Henan and Anhui.