Volume 39 Issue 5
Sep.  2019
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WU Zhengrong. On the Connection between Copula “shi” and Focus Mark “shi”[J]. The journal of xinyang normal university (philosophy and social science edition), 2019, 39(5): 92-95. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-0964.2019.05.015
Citation: WU Zhengrong. On the Connection between Copula “shi” and Focus Mark “shi”[J]. The journal of xinyang normal university (philosophy and social science edition), 2019, 39(5): 92-95. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-0964.2019.05.015

On the Connection between Copula “shi” and Focus Mark “shi”

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-0964.2019.05.015
  • Received Date: 2019-06-10
  • Publish Date: 2019-09-10
  • In ancient Chinese, the pronoun shi (literally meaning "yes" in English) is not an ordinary demonstrative pronoun, but a specific pronoun. When shi is the backward anaphora to the front clause and acts as the subject of the following clause, its nature of reference becomes weaker and weaker, owing to the simplicity of the front clause, and then shi has a new usage of confirmation. Copula shi and focus mark shi are both extended from the confirmation usage. They were extended synchronously, and became mature in the medieval times.
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    [2] 席嘉."是"表示强调的来源和演化[J].语言研究,2013(7):58-62.
    [3] 王力.汉语史稿[M].北京:中华书局,2004.
    [4] 洪心衡.《孟子》里的"是"字研究[J].中国语文,1964(4):285-288.
    [5] 郭锡良.关于系词"是"产生的时代和来源论争的几点认识[C]//汉语史论集(增补本).北京:商务印书馆,2005.
    [6] 陈年福.甲骨文"何""此"用为代词考论[J].中国语文,2006(5):401-406.
    [7] 吕叔湘.现代汉语八百词[M].北京:商务印书馆,1980.
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On the Connection between Copula “shi” and Focus Mark “shi”

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-0964.2019.05.015

Abstract: In ancient Chinese, the pronoun shi (literally meaning "yes" in English) is not an ordinary demonstrative pronoun, but a specific pronoun. When shi is the backward anaphora to the front clause and acts as the subject of the following clause, its nature of reference becomes weaker and weaker, owing to the simplicity of the front clause, and then shi has a new usage of confirmation. Copula shi and focus mark shi are both extended from the confirmation usage. They were extended synchronously, and became mature in the medieval times.

WU Zhengrong. On the Connection between Copula “shi” and Focus Mark “shi”[J]. The journal of xinyang normal university (philosophy and social science edition), 2019, 39(5): 92-95. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-0964.2019.05.015
Citation: WU Zhengrong. On the Connection between Copula “shi” and Focus Mark “shi”[J]. The journal of xinyang normal university (philosophy and social science edition), 2019, 39(5): 92-95. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-0964.2019.05.015
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