Volume 39 Issue 5
Sep.  2019
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents

ZHOU Rongjun. The Impact of International Immigration on the Economic and Labor Market of Destination Countries[J]. The journal of xinyang normal university (philosophy and social science edition), 2019, 39(5): 18-27. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-0964.2019.05.004
Citation: ZHOU Rongjun. The Impact of International Immigration on the Economic and Labor Market of Destination Countries[J]. The journal of xinyang normal university (philosophy and social science edition), 2019, 39(5): 18-27. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-0964.2019.05.004

The Impact of International Immigration on the Economic and Labor Market of Destination Countries

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-0964.2019.05.004
  • Received Date: 2019-06-30
  • Publish Date: 2019-09-10
  • Immigration as a major mode of population movement has a significant impact on a country's economy. This paper examines the impact of immigration on the economy and labor market of OECD countries using relevant data from OECD countries. The following conclusions are found:first, the impact of immigration on economic growth is not significant, adding relevant control variables, the results are still robust. The stock of immigrants can significantly promote economic growth, and the conclusion is still robust after adding control variables. That means there is a long-term effect of immigration on economic growth. Second, the immigration flow has a significant impact on the unemployment rate of the local residents in the host country. The immigration flow increases by 1% and the unemployment rate decreases by 0.18%. The stock of immigrants can also significantly reduce the unemployment rate of local residents, the stock of immigrants has increased by 1%, and the unemployment rate of local residents has dropped by 0.48%. The long-term effect of the immigration on the unemployment rate is greater than the short-term effect. Third, the impact of immigration flow and immigration stock on the local gender unemployment rate in the host country is significantly negative. Fourth, the impact of immigration flow on local wage level is not significant in the short term, but immigration stock can significantly improve the wage level of local residents. Fifth, the immigration stock can reduce the proportion of high-wage personnel and low-wage personnel at the same time, and thus to a certain extent narrow the income gap. Sixth, immigration flow has no significant effect on gender wage differences in host countries, but immigration stock can significantly reduce gender wage differences in host countries. It can be seen that international immigration significantly affects the economic growth of destination countries and the labor market, but there are differences in the impact of heterogeneous international immigration on the economic growth of destination countries and the employment and wage levels in different labor markets.
  • [1] VERA J.Innovation and immigration-Insights from a placement policy[J].Economic Letters,2016,146:116-119.
    [2] MANABU S.Impact of immigration on the Japanese economy:A multi-country simulation model[J].Journal of the Japanese and International Economies,2010,24(4):586-602.
    [3] MARIANNE.Does immigration increase labour market flexibility?[J].Labour Economics,2012, 19(4):527-540.
    [4] ABIGAIL C.Cities,immigrant diversity,and complex problem solving[J].Research Policy,2017,46(6):1175-1185
    [5] 杨权.中国智力流失及其经济影响估算[J].统计研究,2013(6):30-36.
    [6] 林勇.移民汇款对经济增长促进作用的实证检验——基于中国数据的分析[J].亚太经济,2017(5):137-142.
    [7] EHSAN L.The relationship between immigration and unemployment:Panel data evidence from Canada[J].Economic Modelling,2015,50:162-167.
    [8] EVA Moreno-Galbis.The effects of immigration in frictional labor markets:Theory and empirical evidence from EU countries[J].European Economic Review,2016,84:76-98.
    [9] PEDROS M.Do immigrants displace native workers? Evidence from matched panel data[J].Economic Modelling,2018,72:216-222.
    [10] ANDRI C.The impact of immigration on the employment and wages of native workers[J].Journal of Macroeconomics,2013,38:19-34.
    [11] DEBORA P B.Immigration, occupations, and native wages:Long time trends in the US[J].Research in Social Stratification and Mobility,2017,51:41-55.
    [12] 范兆斌.人力资本结构、相对工资与国际移民的收入分配效应[J].国际贸易问题,2015(9):14-28.
    [13] ATHONYN E.Immigration and the gender wage gap[J].European Economic Review,2017,92:196-214.
    [14] VINCENZO B.Migration, Diversity, and Economic Growth[J].World Development,2017,89:227-239.
    [15] 孟令国.东南亚国家人力资本投资对经济增长的影响及启示——基于人口红利的视角[J].东南亚研究,2015(6):10-19.
    [16] 王德诏.新常态下城镇化对经济增长的实证分析——以河南省为例[J].信阳师范学院学报(哲学社会科学版),2019,39(1):56-62.
    [17] 郑丹.城市基础设施水平如何影响居民工资收入:溢价还是折价[J].南方经济,2017(1):66-82.
    [18] 邢志平.城镇化对企业生产率的作用:集聚效应还是拥挤效应?[J].现代经济探讨,2017(11):93-101.
    [19] 申广军.金融发展与教育回报率的地区差异[J].金融研究,2015(3):131-145.
    [20] 赵娜.中国区域金融发展差异与贸易失衡关系研究[J].经济问题探索,2018(8):103-114.
  • 加载中
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
  • 1. 

    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

  1. 本站搜索
  2. 百度学术搜索
  3. 万方数据库搜索
  4. CNKI搜索

Article Metrics

Article views(382) PDF downloads(3) Cited by()

Proportional views
Related

The Impact of International Immigration on the Economic and Labor Market of Destination Countries

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-0964.2019.05.004

Abstract: Immigration as a major mode of population movement has a significant impact on a country's economy. This paper examines the impact of immigration on the economy and labor market of OECD countries using relevant data from OECD countries. The following conclusions are found:first, the impact of immigration on economic growth is not significant, adding relevant control variables, the results are still robust. The stock of immigrants can significantly promote economic growth, and the conclusion is still robust after adding control variables. That means there is a long-term effect of immigration on economic growth. Second, the immigration flow has a significant impact on the unemployment rate of the local residents in the host country. The immigration flow increases by 1% and the unemployment rate decreases by 0.18%. The stock of immigrants can also significantly reduce the unemployment rate of local residents, the stock of immigrants has increased by 1%, and the unemployment rate of local residents has dropped by 0.48%. The long-term effect of the immigration on the unemployment rate is greater than the short-term effect. Third, the impact of immigration flow and immigration stock on the local gender unemployment rate in the host country is significantly negative. Fourth, the impact of immigration flow on local wage level is not significant in the short term, but immigration stock can significantly improve the wage level of local residents. Fifth, the immigration stock can reduce the proportion of high-wage personnel and low-wage personnel at the same time, and thus to a certain extent narrow the income gap. Sixth, immigration flow has no significant effect on gender wage differences in host countries, but immigration stock can significantly reduce gender wage differences in host countries. It can be seen that international immigration significantly affects the economic growth of destination countries and the labor market, but there are differences in the impact of heterogeneous international immigration on the economic growth of destination countries and the employment and wage levels in different labor markets.

ZHOU Rongjun. The Impact of International Immigration on the Economic and Labor Market of Destination Countries[J]. The journal of xinyang normal university (philosophy and social science edition), 2019, 39(5): 18-27. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-0964.2019.05.004
Citation: ZHOU Rongjun. The Impact of International Immigration on the Economic and Labor Market of Destination Countries[J]. The journal of xinyang normal university (philosophy and social science edition), 2019, 39(5): 18-27. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-0964.2019.05.004
Reference (20)

Catalog

    Supported by: Beijing Renhe Information Technology Co. Ltd  

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return